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Our Recent Publications


Calvert HG, Wenner JA, Turner L. An exploration of supports for increasing classroom physical activity within elementary schools. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education. 2019:12(1);1-9.

Turner L. Guthrie J, Ralston K. Community Eligibility and other provisions for universal free meals at schools: impact on student breakfast and lunch participation in California public schools. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2019:9(5);931-941.

Turner L, Calvert HG, Carlson JA. Supporting teachers’ implementation of classroom-based physical activity. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. 2019:4(17);165-172.

Calvert HG, Barcelona J, Melville D, Turner L. Effects of acute physical activity on NIH Toolbox-measured cognitive functions among children in authentic education settings. Mental Health and Physical Activity. 2019:17;100293.

Calvert HG, Turner L. School day classroom-based physical activity and sedentary behavior. Health Behavior and Policy Review. 2019:6(5);463-471.

Bejarano CM, Snow K, Lane H, Calvert HG, Hoppe K, Alfonsin N, Turner L, Carlson JA. Development of a novel tool for assessing coverage of implementation factors in health promotion program resources. Preventive Medicine Reports. 2019:15;100909.

Turner L, Calvert HG. The academic, behavioral, and health influence of summer child nutrition programs: A narrative review and proposed research agenda. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2019:119(6);972-983.

Turner L, O’Reilly N, Guthrie J, Ralston K. Identifying gaps in the food security safety net: The characteristics and availability of summer nutrition programs in California. Public Health Nutrition. 2019:22(10):1824-1838.

Sliwa S, Calvert HG, Williams H, Turner L. Prevalence and types of school-based Out-of-School Time programs at elementary schools and implications for student nutrition and physical activity. Journal of School Health. 2019:89(1):48-58.

Wenner J, Calvert HG, Tucker K, Johnson TG, Turner L. Social capital: a key ingredient in the development of physical activity leadership. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 2019:38(3);241-251.


Calvert HG, Lane HG, Bejarano CM, Snow K, Hoppe K, Turner L, Carlson JA. An evaluation of the coverage of theoretically based implementation factors in disseminated classroom physical activity programs. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2018, online first.

Lane HG, Deitch R, Wang Y, Black MM, Dunton G, Aldoory L, Turner L, Parker E, Henley SC, Saksvig B, Song H-J, Hager E. “Wellness Champions for Change,” a multi-level intervention to improve school-level implementation of local wellness policies: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2018:75;29-39.

Calvert HG, Mahar MT, Flay B, Turner L. Classroom-based physical activity: minimizing disparities in school-day physical activity among elementary school students. Journal of Physical Activity & Health. 2018:15(3):161-168.

Turner L, Calvert HG, Chaloupka FJ. Barriers to shared use of indoor and outdoor facilities at US elementary schools. Journal of School Health. 2018:88(5);379-387.

Turner L, Leider J, Piekarz-Porter E, Schwartz MB, Merlo C, Brener N, Chriqui JF. State laws are associated with school lunch duration and promotion practices. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2018:118(3);455-463.

Zaharis N, Mason MJ, Mennis J, Light J, Rusby JC, Wesling E, Crewe S, Flay BR, Way T. School, friends, and substance use: gender differences on the influence of attitudes toward school and close friend networks on cannabis involvement. Prevention Science, 2018:19;138-146.


Turner L, Johnson TG, Calvert HG, Chaloupka FJ. Stretched too thin? The relationship between insufficient resource allocation and physical education instructional time and assessment practices. Teaching and Teacher Education. 2017:68;210-219.

Turner L, Leider J, Piekarz E, Schermbeck R, Merlo C, Brener N, Chriqui J. Facilitating fresh: state laws supporting school gardens are associated with use of garden-grown produce in school nutrition services programs. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2017:49(6);481-489.

Johnson TG, Turner L, Metzler M. Physical activity education: the new name for our field. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (JOPERD). 2017:88(1);5-7.

Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Reach and implementation of physical activity breaks and active lessons in elementary school classrooms. Health Education & Behavior. 2017:44(3);370-375.  doi:10.1177/1090198116667714

Johnson TG, Moorcroft SJ, Tucker KMB, Calvert H, Turner L. Communities of practice: a possible professional-development model for physical activity leadership. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (JOPERD). 2017:88(9);3-5.

Doumas DM, Esp S, Flay B, Bond L. A randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of a brief online alcohol intervention for high school seniors. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2017:78;706-715.

Lewis KM, Flay BR. The Positive Action family program: A pilot randomized trial and replication. Advances in Pediatrics. 2017:4.

Duncan R, Washburn IJ, Lewis KM, Bavarian N, DuBois DL, Acock AC, Vuchinch S, Flay BR. Can universal SEL programs benefit universally? Effects of the positive action program on multiple trajectories of social-emotional and misconduct behaviors. Prevention Science, 2017:18;214-224.


Turner L, Eliason M, Sandoval A, Chaloupka FJ. Increasing prevalence of US elementary school garden programs over time, but continued socioeconomic disparities reduce opportunities for disadvantaged student populations. Journal of School Health. 2016:86(12);906-912.

Johnson TG, Turner L. The physical activity movement and the definition of physical education. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 2016;87(4):8-10.

Mason M, Mennis J, Light J, Rusby J, Westling E, Crewe S, Way T, Flay BR, Zaharakis N. Parents, peers, and places: Young urban adolescents’ microsystems and substance use involvement. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2016;25(5):1441-1450.

Komro KA, Flay BR, Biglan A, Wagenaar AC. Research design issues for evaluating complex multicomponent interventions in neighborhoods and communities. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2016;6(1):153-159.

Turner L, Ohri-Vachaspati P, Powell L, Chaloupka F. Improvements and disparities in types of foods and milk beverages offered in elementary school lunches, 2006-2007 to 2013-2014. Preventing Chronic Disease. 2016;13:E39.

Ohri-Vachaspati P, Turner L, Adams MA, Bruening M, Chaloupka FJ. School resources and engagement in technical assistance programs is associated with higher prevalence of salad bars in elementary school lunches in the United States. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2016;116(3):417-426.

Turner L, Hager ER. The power of a simple intervention to improve student health: just add water. JAMA Pediatrics. 2016;170(3):199-200.

Hager ER, Turner L. Successes of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act. JAMA Pediatrics. 2016;170(1):e154268.


Lewis KM, Vuchinich S, Ji P, Dubois DL, Acock A, Bavarian N, Day J, Silverthorn N, Flay BR.  Effects of the Positive Action program on indicators of positive development among urban youth. Applied Developmental Science. 2015;20(1):16-28.

Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Continued promise of school breakfast programs for improving academic outcomes: breakfast is still the most important meal of the day. JAMA Pediatrics. 2015;169(1):13-14.


Bavarian N, Flay BR, Ketcham PL, Smit E, Kodama C, Martin M, Saltz RF. Using structural equation modeling to understand prescription stimulant misuse: a test of the Theory of Triadic Influence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2014;138:193-201. [abstract]

Schmitt SA, Flay BR, Lewis KM. A pilot evaluation of the Positive Action prekindergarten lessons. Early Child Development and Care, 2014. doi:10.1080/03004430.2014.903942

Turner L, Johnson TJ, Slater SJ, Chaloupka FJ. Physical activity practices in elementary schools and associations with physical education staffing and training. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 2014;85:488-501.

Nicholson LM, Turner L, Slater SJ, Abuzayd H, Chriqui JF, Chaloupka FJ. Developing a measure of traffic calming associated with elementary school students’ active transport. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2014;33:17-25. [abstract]

Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Perceived reactions of elementary school students to changes in school lunches after implementation of the United States Department of Agriculture’s new meals standards: minimal backlash, but rural and socioeconomic disparities exist. Childhood Obesity. 2014;10(4):349-56. [abstract] FULL-TEXT

Hood NE, Turner L, Colabianchi N, Chaloupka FJ, Johnston LD. Availability of drinking water in US public school cafeterias. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2014;114(9):1389-1395. [abstract]

Terry-McElrath YM, Turner L, Sandoval A, Johnston LD, Chaloupka FJ. Commercialism in U.S. elementary and secondary school nutrition environments: trends from 2007 to 2012. JAMA Pediatrics. 2014;168(3):234-42. [abstract]


Bavarian N, Lewis KM, Dubois DL, Acock A, Vuchinich S, Silverthorn N, Snyder FJ, Day J, Ji P, Flay BR. Using social-emotional and character development to improve academic outcomes: a matched-pair, cluster-randomized controlled trial in low-income, urban schools. Journal of School Health. 2013;83(11):771-9. [abstract]

Lewis KM, DuBois DL, Bavarian N, Acock A, Silverthorn N, Day J, Ji P, Vuchinich S, Flay BR. Effects of Positive Action on the emotional health of urban youth: a cluster-randomized trial. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2013;53(6):706-11. [abstract]

Jarpe-Ratner E, Fagen M, Day J, Gilmet K, Prudowsky J, Neiger BL, DuBois DL, Flay BR. Using the community readiness model as an approach to formative evaluation. Health Promotion Practice. 2013;14(5):649-55. [abstract]

Lewis KM, Schure MB, Bavarian N, DuBois DL, Day J, Ji P, Silverthorn N, Acock A, Vuchinich S, Flay BR. Problem behavior and urban, low-income youth: a randomized controlled trial of positive action in Chicago. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2013;44(6):622-30. [abstract]

Bavarian N, Flay BR, Ketcham PL, Smit E. Illicit use of prescription stimulants in a college student sample: a theory-guided analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2013;132(3):665-73. [abstract]

Snyder FJ, Acock AC, Vuchinich S, Beets MW, Washburn IJ, Flay BR. Preventing negative behaviors among elementary-school students through enhancing students’ social-emotional and character development. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2013;28(1):50-8. [abstract]

Ji P, DuBois DL, Flay BR. Social-Emotional and Character Development Scale: development and initial validation with urban elementary school students. Journal of Research in Character Education. 2013;9(2):121-147.

Chriqui JF, Turner L, Taber DR, Chaloupka FJ. Association between district and state policies and US public elementary school competitive food and beverage environments. JAMA Pediatrics. 2013;167(8):714-22. [abstract]

Turner L, Chriqui JF, Chaloupka FJ. Classroom parties in United States elementary schools: the potential for policies to reduce student exposure to sugary foods and beverages. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2013;45(6):611-619. [abstract]

Ohri-Vachaspati P, Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Elementary school participation in the United States Department of Agriculture’s Team Nutrition Program is associated with more healthful school lunches. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2013;45(6):733-8. [abstract]

Turner L, Slater SJ, Chaloupka FJ. Support for school-based obesity prevention efforts: attitudes among administrators at nationally representative samples of US elementary schools. Childhood Obesity. 2013;9(4):311-8. [abstract]

Turner L, Chriqui J, Chaloupka F. Walking school bus programs in U.S. public elementary schools. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2013;10(5):641-645. [abstract]

Chriqui JF, Turner L, Taber DR, Chaloupka FJ. Association between district and state policies and US public elementary school competitive food and beverage environments. JAMA Pediatrics. 2013;167(8):714-722. [abstract]


Biglan A, Flay BR, Embry DD, Sandler IN. The critical role of nurturing environments for promoting human well-being. American Psychologist. 2012;67(4):257-71. [abstract]

Vuchinich S, Flay BR, Aber L, Bickman L. Person mobility in the design and analysis of cluster-randomized cohort prevention trials. Prevention Science. 2012;13(3):300-13 [abstract]

Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Slow progress in changing the school food environment: nationally representative results from public and private elementary schools. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2012;112(9):1380-1389. [abstract]

Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Student access to competitive foods in elementary schools: trends over time and regional differences. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2012;166(2):164-169. [abstract]