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History (HIST) Courses

All history courses specifically required for the major are offered each semester allowing for some flexibility in student scheduling. However, the Department strongly encourages history majors to take HIST 220 by the second semester sophomore year before taking any upper-division history courses.

Lower Division

HIST 101 WORLD HISTORY I (3-0-3)(F,S,SU)(FS). A survey of world history from antiquity to the Age of Discovery (c. 1500), focusing on the chief political, social, and religious foundations of the world’s major civilizations (East Asia, India, Middle East, Europe, and pre-Columbian America). Special attention will be given to patterns of cross-cultural interchange and the dynamics of historical change.

HIST 102 WORLD HISTORY II (3-0-3)(F,S,SU)(FS). A survey of world history from the Age of Discovery (c. 1500) to the present, focusing on increasing global interaction since the 16th century, the emergence of the modern world-view, European political and economic expansion, and non-Western responses to the challenges of the modern world.

HIST 103 HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I: PREHISTORY TO THE 17TH CENTURY (3-0-3)(F,S,SU). Introduces methods of historical interpretation and presents a political, economic, and cultural survey of western civilization from the earliest settled communities of the ancient Near East in the fourth millennium BCE through the cultural renaissance and religious reformation of western Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries CE.

HIST 104 HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION II: 17TH CENTURY TO PRESENT (3-0-3)(F,S,SU). Introduces methods of historical interpretation and presents a political, economic, and cultural survey of western civilization from the end of the religious wars of the seventeenth century through the twenty-first century of the modern era.

HIST 111 UNITED STATES HISTORY I (3-0-3)(F,S)(FS). Surveys American society from pre-Columbian times through the Civil War era, with emphasis on the formative issues and conflicts that shape national politics and culture.

HIST 112 UNITED STATES HISTORY II (3-0-3)(F,S)(FS). Surveys the issues and conflicts influencing American development from the Civil War to the present, including economic, military, political, international, and socio-cultural factors.

HIST 121 ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS (3-0-3)(F,S). Introduces methods of historical interpretation and presents a topical and chronological historical survey of China and Japan, exploring philosophies, religions, cultures, and social patterns. Western intrusion into Asia and the Asians’ reactions to the West are included. Other areas of Asia, including India, Korea, and Southeast Asia will also be integrated.

HIST 131 LATIN AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS (3-0-3)(F/S). Introductory overview of the main historical trends that explain current cultural, social, ethnic, political and economic characteristics of Latin America.

HIST 141 AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS (3-0-3)(F/S). Surveys the history of Africa from antiquity to present with emphasis on sub-Saharan regions. Potential topics include: Africa in the Ancient World; the rise of Islam; the advent and development of European colonialism; the trans-Atlantic mercantile system; the genesis of modern Africa; decolonization; selected topics on independent Africa.

HIST 151 ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION (3-0-3)(F/S). Surveys the history of Islamic civilization from early times to present, covering pre-Islamic influences, the age of the Prophet Muhammad and the Caliphate, the spread and variation of Islam as a vital world religion, relations between Islam and Christendom, the development of Islamic empires, and the contemporary situation.

HIST 220 THE HISTORICAL CRAFT (3-0-3)(F,S). Using a major historical theme as a foundation, students will examine the philosophy of history, historiography, and methods of historical research. One component of the course will be writing a historical research paper. The historical content of the course will vary. Required of all history majors, prior to taking any upper-division history courses. PREREQ: ENGL 102.

HIST 222 HISTORY FOR TEACHERS (3-0-3)(F/S). Designed for history, multidisciplinary, secondary education and history, social studies, secondary education majors, this course offers students an opportunity to discern this career path by focusing on historical thinking skills and their use in our lives. PREREQ: History, Multidisciplinary, Secondary Education BA major or History, Social Studies, Secondary Education BA major.

HIST 223 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S/SU). Explores the field of environmental history through primary source analysis. Students will conduct semester-long projects focused on researching the history of places that are significant to them.

HIST 234 ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines the various cultures inhabiting the Mediterranean from prehistory through the 4th century CE.  Focus will be on the cultures of Greece and Italy, with some reference to Egypt, the Levant, the Near East, and Northwest Europe. Topics will included the rise of city-states, political and economic development, sex and gender, colonization and colonialism, households, and religions. Emphasis will be on methodological approaches and issues.

HIST 245 MEDIEVAL EUROPE (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines the political, religious, economic, and cultural development of Western Europe from the fourth to the fourteenth century. Topics will include the rise and elaboration of monasticism, the Carolingian empire, feudalism and chivalry, the Gregorian papacy, and the cultural achievements of the twelfth century renaissance. Emphasis will be on methodological approaches and issues.

HIST 246 THE HISTORY OF EVERYDAY LIFE IN EUROPE (3-0-3)(F/S). Course focuses on the lived experience of ordinary people in their everyday lives. This course focuses on the methodologies and techniques of the historians of everyday life including micro-history and geospatial analysis.  We will explore some of the essential questions of history, namely, can academic history ever create an accurate representation of the past, or “history as it actually was?” And finally, can historians reconstruct the voices of the people of the past?

HIST 253 MEDIEVAL ISLAMIC HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). An in-depth introduction to Islamic history from pre-Islamic Arabia, Muhammad, the Caliphates, Abbasid cultural life, conversion to Islam, and the rapid growth of the Islamic empire against a backdrop of political intrigue, civil war, revolution, mass migration and urbanization. Emphasis will be on methodological approaches and issues.

HIST 262 WITNESSING LATIN AMERICA (3-0-3)(F/S). Who gets to tell their own story?  How do we interpret history through the lens of an individual life?  Using autobiography, oral history, interviews, and testimonial accounts, this course investigates themes in Latin American history such as nationalism, development, revolution, indigenous peoples’ and workers’ rights. Seminar style course based in discussion of sources.

HIST 268 WORKING IN AMERICA: CLASS, LABOR, AND INEQUALITY (3-0-3)(F/S). An analysis of inequality, capitalist development, and the American working-class experience. Through intensive analysis of primary sources in labor history—everything from diaries and speeches to union records and folk songs—this seminar course explores what it has meant, historically, to be a farmer, slave, wage laborer, manager, or owner in the American capitalist economy. Emphasis will be on methodological approaches and issues.

HIST 274 FACT, FICTION, AND HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Is knowing the truth about historical events or processes possible? Might fictional approaches provide as much or more insight into historical processes as traditional ones? This class will closely examine several historical case studies using film, literature, and a range of traditional primary source materials in order to test the limits and possibilities of discovering historical truth.

HIST 280 HISTORY OF LOVE AND WAR (3-0-3)(F/S). Course historically examines the intimate and passionate relationship between loving and killing. Topics include attempts to bring peace and justice to the world, and how people justify war and crimes against humanity. Poetry, letters, religious texts, historical documents planning for world peace and plans for genocide are some of the sources examined.

Upper Division

HIST 300 DAILY LIFE IN THE ROMAN WORLD (3-0-3)(F/S). Using literary, epigraphic, and archaeological evidence, this course investigates daily life in the Roman world at the height of Rome’s power.  It covers a wide array of topics from urban living, housing, slavery, family life, religion, and the economy. Students will be introduced to the theoretical and methodological issues involved in studying social history. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 302 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC (3-0-3)(F/S). Investigates the rise, rule, and collapse of the Roman Republic from its founding as a small settlement on the Palatine Hill in 753 BCE through its development into a major metropolis that controlled a far reaching empire. Focus on a wide range of source material (literary, archaeological, epigraphic, numismatic) to cover topics such as the development of Roman government and laws, the changing character of the army, and the socio-cultural causes of social unrest during the late Republic. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 306 BONFIRES AND BELLS: MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE RELIGION AND CULTURE (3-0-3)(F/S). Study of how ordinary people in turbulent eras of European history bound themselves together for protection, community, and salvation through religious and social customs rich in ritual, symbolism, and tradition. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 308 THE AGE OF RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION (3-0-3)(SU). Te connections between and the consequences of the Renaissance, the development of reformed religions, and the ideological clashes among Protestants and Catholics in European history between 1350-1650 are examined. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 309 THE OLD REGIME AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (3-0-3)(F/S). Cultural, economic, and social history of Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, focusing upon continuity and change in the daily life of peasants, causes of discontent, and French Revolution as a defining moment in European history. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 310 FORCED TO FLEE: REFUGEES IN EUROPEAN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). An exploration of refugees and refugee movements in Europe through the Second World War. The refugee phenomenon will be considered broadly. The goal will be to understand the causes and consequences of refugee movements and to make refugees themselves the subject of inquiry, and to examine how historical treatments of refugee crises inform contemporary responses. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 311 RELIGIONS OF THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN (3-0-3)(F/S). Examination of themes in the religious lives of Mediterranean cultures, including monotheism and polytheism, ritual and sacrifice, divination, cosmology, established and emerging religions. Focuses primarily on Greek and Roman religion, with some references to religions of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and northwestern Europe.

HIST 319 EUROPE SINCE THE SECOND WORLD WAR (3-0-3)(F/S). Exploration of impact of the war, the Cold War, rise and fall of communism, rise of European Union, and postwar culture. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 320 GLOBAL DIASPORA: REFUGEES IN THE MODERN WORLD (3-0-3)(F/S). An examination of forced migration since the Second World War. The course will consider the causes and consequences of refugee movements globally, focusing on Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Various international approaches to refugee crises will be explored. The course will be organized thematically and via case studies of particular refugee situations. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 321 ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY OF MODERN EAST ASIA (3-0-3)(F/S). Explores East Asian history through the lens of nature. Focused primarily on China, Korea, and Japan, the course examines the major social and political developments beginning in the eighteenth century that transformed the region’s human and natural environments. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 322 SAINTS AND SINNERS: WOMEN IN CHRISTIANITY (3-0-3)(F/S). Exploration of female participation in the Christian faith as lay persons, nuns, scholars, saints, missionaries and social activists, and Church attitudes toward women from antiquity to the present. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 323 THE HISTORY OF MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY IN EUROPE (3-0-3)(F/S). Institution of the family in Europe from medieval to modern times, including sexuality and contraception, marriage and family structures, childbirth and the raising of children. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 324 HISTORY OF EUROPEAN WOMEN (3-0-3)(F/S). Explores evolving roles of European women as seen in the writings of contemporary women authors and in the analyses of modern social historians, examining the roles women created for themselves and the roles forced upon them by social norms. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 325 HISTORY OF SOCIALISM (3-0-3)(F/S). Survey of European egalitarian ideas and movements. Emphasis given to nineteenth and twentieth centuries. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 326 HISTORY OF THE HOLOCAUST (3-0-3)(F/S). Surveys the twentieth century European genocide, its causes and its consequences. Primarily focuses on Nazi efforts to eliminate Jews, but also examines the murder of millions of others deemed undesirable and the role of memory in understanding these events. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 327 WORLD WAR I (3-0-3)(F/S). Exploration of how the Great War began, war on all fronts, at sea, in the air and at home, and impact of the war on the 20th century. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 329 HISTORY OF EUROPEAN FILM (3-0-3)(F/S). Examination of the evolution of film from its beginnings in the mid 1890s. It explores film’s contribution to and critique of society, and how film narrative can depict political and social conditions of a particular place and time. Topics include technological innovations, cultural and social impacts of films, and aesthetic movements and styles. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 330 HUMAN RIGHTS PAST AND PRESENT (3-0-3)(F/S). Explores the development of human rights from visions and interrelated issues into formalized declarations, conventions, and law. Also traces factors, arguments, and activist strategies across time that have either advanced or obstructed human rights. Uses race in America as a major case study. Includes both collaborative and individualized learning opportunities. PREREQ: sophomore standing or PERM/INST.

HIST 332 COLONIAL AMERICA (3-0-3)(F/S). The colonizing activities of Spain, France, and England in North America, and how the different political, social, economic, and cultural policies of each resulted in different legacies throughout modern America are studied. Special attention is given to the American Revolutionary War. PREREQ: HIST 111 and upper-division standing.

HIST 334 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION (3-0-3)(F/S). A study of the origins of the conflict between the states, the encounter, and the problems of reunification. PREREQ: HIST 111 and upper-division standing.

HIST 335 FRAMING THE UNITED STATES: 1776-1800 (3-0-3)(F/S). Looks at pivotal founding moments in early United States history through the lens of constitutionalism.  Special emphasis will be given to the causes and consequences of nation-state building by focusing on the plans of union and frameworks of government that members of the Revolutionary generation had drafted and debated during the 1770s and 1780s. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 336 JACKSONIAN AMERICA: 1800-1850 (3-0-3)(F/S). Explores several great transformations in United States history during the first half of the nineteenth century.  Special emphasis will be given to such themes as the growth of democratic electoral politics, the onset of industrialization, the rise of the Old South’s cotton kingdom, the upsurge of religious revivalism, the proliferation of social reform movements, and the acceleration of western settlement and territorial expansionism. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 338 THE HISTORY OF U.S.-LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS (3-0-3)(F/S). In this course, students examine the history of the relationships between the peoples and countries of the Western Hemisphere. The course focuses on the key moments, events, and themes that gave rise to the current inter-American system. Some examples include: The War of 1898, the anti-imperialist movement of the 1920s, the Good Neighbor Policy, and Latin America’s Cold War. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 339 UNITED STATES MILITARY HISTORY 1775-PRESENT (3-0-3)(S). Examines the development of the U.S. Armed Forces and their military effectiveness in war. Discusses U.S. strategic thought and national security as well as civil-military relations and the building of the professional officer corps. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 340 THE KOREAN WAR (3-0-3)(F/S). The Korean War (1950-1953) is among the most important conflicts in modern history. Traces the war’s origins to late-nineteenth century imperialism, examines the military and political strategies and goals of the various nations involved, and explores the immediate and longer-term consequences of the war. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 341 NATIVE AMERICAN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). The history of Native Americans, and the development of U.S. Indian policy from colonial antecedents to modern times with selected tribal histories are covered. Special attention is given to a comparison of U.S. and Canadian policies. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 342 HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN WEST (3-0-3)(F/S). Explores interactions in the North American West from the pre-contact era to the present. Topics include cultural exchange, ecological transformation, federal power, and how “The West” evolved as both a real and imagined place. HIST 111 recommended. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 343 HISTORY AND MEMORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Examination of the ways that the past is officially commemorated through public and private monuments, and also the blank spots in which significant events and communities have been excised or forgotten.  Explores the ways in which the past shapes the present and the ways that the past is shaped by present perceptions using memoir, landscape, and personal narrative.  Topics include War and Occupation, Genocide, Mass Rape, and Natural Disaster. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 345 ANIMALS IN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Humans, throughout time, have taken nonhuman animals seriously, as friends, foes, feasts, beasts, symbols, commodities, and more. This class will examine how humans and their environments have been shaped by interactions with other animals. It is comparative, spiraling through time and around the world to look at animals in relation to colonial and modern societies and in the oceans. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 346 WOMEN AND GENDER IN THE U.S. WEST (3-0-3)(F/S). Lives of women in the region west of the Mississippi from the early nineteenth to the early twenty-first century, dealing with how women of different classes and ethnic backgrounds interacted with one another and participated in the development of frontier culture and society. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 347 AMERICA IN THE 1960s (3-0-3)(F/S). Background, causes, character and impact of the “Sixties Era” on the United States and its citizens, focusing on the political, social and cultural movements of the era, the war in Vietnam, and debates over “freedom.” PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 348 AMERICAN RELIGIOUS HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Relationship between religion and American culture from the colonial period to the present time, examining effects of politics, war, economics, gender, sexuality, and modernization have affected it. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 349 HISTORY OF MULTICULTURAL AMERICA (3-0-3)(F/S). An examination of America’s multicultural history, with emphasis on how race and ethnicity have shaped American experience and identity. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 350 UNITED STATES ECONOMIC HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Major factors in the economic growth and development of the United States from colonial times to the present. Particular emphasis is given to the interaction of economic factors and other aspects of American society. PREREQ: HIST 111 or HIST 112.

HIST 351 NORTH AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines historical issues concerning relationships between humans and nature in North America. Explores the role of nature in North American colonization and industrialization and the development of philosophies, public policies, and popular culture relating to the natural environment. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 352 AMERICA SEES RED (3-0-3)(F/S). Uses film, newspapers, and novels to explore the politics of fear and vilification with a focus on big-budget Hollywood cinema, 1915-1962. Topics include McCarthyism, film noir, the Cold War Western, and America’s fear of the bomb. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 353 THE MAKING OF THE MODERN AMERICAN CITY (3-0-3)(F/S). Explores the origins and evolution of the American city by examining the role of urban areas in the country’s economic, cultural, political, and environmental history from 1860 to the present. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 354 THE PACIFIC WORLD (3-0-3)(F/S). Analyzes ancient Pacific Polynesian exploration and colonization; Polynesian culture and society; 18th century European exploration and colonization; 19th-century missionaries, agribusiness, and imperialism; World War II, the environmental history of the Pacific Ocean; the Pacific World in popular 20th century Western culture; and the modern Hawaiian cultural renaissance movement. PREREQ: HIST 220 or HIST 222.

HIST 355 THE ATLANTIC WORLD (3-0-3)(F/S). Between 1400 and 1800, civilizations on four continents intertwined across the broad expanse of the Atlantic Ocean. New identities arose from this cultural amalgamation, creating “The Atlantic World.” Examines Atlantic civilizations in the century before contact and contextualizes societal and environmental changes wrought by exploration, trade, migrations (voluntary and forced), conquest, colonization, and resistance. PREREQ: HIST 220 or HIST 222.

HIST 356 DEBATING CAPITALISM: THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN ECONOMIC THOUGHT (3-0-3)(F/S). How does capitalism work? Does it work? Could it work better? Ultimately, what sort of economy should the United States be pursuing? This lecture and discussion course wrestles with how American thinkers have sought to answer these questions, and how their various ideologies and political programs shaped the development of the American economy.

HIST 357 WHEN THE BOTTOM FALLS OUT: ECONOMIC CRISIS IN AMERICAN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). An interdisciplinary inquiry into the checkered history of economic crisis in America, this seminar spends each week analyzing the circumstances surrounding (and consequences arising from) thirteen of the most spectacular economic catastrophes in American history: the panics/ depressions/recessions of 1785, 1792, 1819, 1837, 1857, 1873, 1893, 1907, 1914, 1929, 1937, 1973, and 2008. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 358 GLOBAL CAPITALISM (3-0-3)(F/S). How and why did capitalism become the globe’s hegemonic social and economic system? What is “Global Capitalism,” and how does it shape our world? This lecture and discussion course prepares students to answer these questions, focusing in particular on the themes of (under-)development, (de-)industrialization, political economy, and globalization. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 363 HISTORY OF MEXICO (3-0-3)(F/S). Examination of social, cultural, political, environmental, and economic factors affecting the development of greater Mexico, territory from Central America to the American West, from indigenous civilizations through the modern era. Focus on individual contributions to history and topics include conquest, colonialism, revolution, modernization, immigration, and neoliberal transformations. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 365 BORDERS AND BORDERLANDS IN LATIN AMERICA (3-0-3)(F/S). An examination of frontier and borderland territories from the colonial to present times with an emphasis on the intellectual, practical, and historical significance of marginal territories for the development of national identities and cultures. Focus may include the Caribbean, Patagonia, Amazonia, and the US-Mexico region.

HIST 366 THE CARIBBEAN IN THE AMERICAN CENTURY (3-0-3)(F/S). Offers an opportunity to assess the role of the United States and its impact on the Caribbean over the course of the twentieth century, with a particular focus on the Hispanic Caribbean. This is not a traditional diplomatic history course. Instead, it will allow students to explore how the U.S. conception of an “American Lake” shaped the racial, national, and political boundaries of the modern Caribbean. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 367 MODERN LATIN AMERICA (3-0-3)(F/S). An examination of Latin American in the aftermath of the wars of independence and the struggles for political and economic stability during the nineteenth century.  Particular emphasis placed upon twentieth century socioeconomic change and the role of the United States in that process. HIST 131 recommended. PREREQ: upper division standing.

HIST 368 THE ISLAMIC MIDDLE EAST (3-0-3)(F/S). A history of the people, institutions, and culture of the Near and Middle East from Muhammad to the decline of the Ottoman and Safavid empires in the eighteenth century. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 369 THE MODERN MIDDLE EAST (3-0-3)(F/S). A history of the Near and Middle East during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the decline of the Ottoman empire, the breakdown of cosmopolitan Islam, and the rise of Turkish, Iranian, Arab, and Israeli nationalism. HIST 102 recommended. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 370 OTTOMAN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). A history of the Ottoman Empire from the rise of the Ottomans in the 1300s through the conquest of Constantinople up to the creation of the modern Turkish Republic in 1923.

HIST 372 THE HISTORY OF MODERN SOUTHEAST ASIA (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines Southeast Asian history from the middle of the nineteenth century to the present. The profound outside influences and the strength of the Southeast Asian indigenous world views are explored throughout the course. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 373 THE HISTORY OF MODERN CHINA (3-0-3)(F). China’s transition from the Quin Dynasty (1912) to the Nationalist period (1928-1949) will introduce modern China. The emphasis will be on post World War II China and China’s growth in the post-Mao Zedong era. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 375 RELIGION AND POWER IN WORLD HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). An exploration of religion’s role in building and maintaining civilizations, focusing on the philosophical foundations, historical development, and socio-political ramifications—especially for the present—of religious traditions throughout world history. Emphasis will be placed on active traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 376 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines the complex history of the relationships between humans and nature over time and space. This course is thematic, rather than chronological in scope, and will cover issues such as agriculture, biodiversity, climate change, industrialization, and war. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 377 WORLD WAR II (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines the war from the standpoint of political goals and military strategy from its origins to the final cataclysmic events in 1945. Discusses tactics, technology, the Holocaust, and the various home fronts. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 378 THE MAKING OF MODERN JAPAN (3-0-3)(F,S,SU). Examines the social/political/artistic/religious/economic/military seeds of Modern Japan that were: planted during Tokugawa Japan (1600-1868); sprouted during Meiji Japan (1868-1912); flowered in Taisho Japan (1912-1926); and bore fruit during Showa Japan (1926-1989). PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 380 THEMES IN EUROPEAN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F,S,SU). Intensive studies of a particular period, topic, or problem in European history. Reading and discussion format. Consult current class schedule for specific selections offered each term. May be repeated for credit. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 381 THEMES IN THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (3-0-3)(F,S,SU). Intensive studies of a particular region, period, topic, or problem in the history of the Americas. Reading and discussion format. Consult current class schedule for specific selections offered each term. May be repeated for credit. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 382 THEMES IN NON-WESTERN HISTORY (3-0-3)(F,S,SU). Intensive studies of a particular region, period, topic, or problem in the history of Africa, Asia, or the Middle East. Reading and discussion format. Consult current class schedule for specific selections offered each term. May be repeated for credit. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 383 THEMES IN ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Intensive studies of a particular topic or problem in Environmental History. Reading and discussion format. Consult current class schedule for specific selections offered each term. Course may be repeated for credit. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 386 DIGGING UP THE PAST: ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). Introduction to the use of archaeology in the study of history, including various types of archaeological evidence, the main methodological techniques of the field, and the current theoretical ideas driving the field of archaeology. Topics include the use of archaeology in social, religious, and environmental history over a wide geographical and chronological range.

HIST 387 HISTORY OF THE POLICE IN EUROPE AND AMERICA (3-0-3)(F/S). Examination of the historical development of police forces from the late 18th century to the present day with particular reference to Europe and America. The social and political context of modern policing will be explored, together with police practices. Topics include the historiography of policing, police and work culture, and the politics of police.

HIST 388 HISTORY OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines the modern history of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. Discussion includes both planned and actual use on the battlefield as well as the strategic planning for global thermonuclear war. Additional topics include Civil Defense and Arms Control treaties. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 389 ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY OF MODERN WAR (3-0-3)(F/S). Examines the history of military activity from the mid-nineteenth century to the present with particular attention to the interplay between war and the natural environment. Focuses on the development of modern technologies and military strategies, the rise of environmental science and politics, and the global character of modern warfare. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 390 UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION HISTORY (3-0-3)(F/S). What does it mean to be an American? Explores how the United States has addressed this question from the first permanent English settlers to contemporary migrant caravans. Comparing and contrasting national policy, group dynamics and individual narratives provides a richer understanding of the past. PREREQ: upper-division standing.

HIST 498 SENIOR RESEARCH SEMINAR (3-0-3)(F,S)(FF). Capstone course devoted to the preparation of a research paper under the guidance of history faculty. PREREQ: HIST 220 or HIST 222 and senior standing.

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