Pages and Posts
WordPress publishes content in two essential formats: Pages and Posts. Most Boise State University web content consists of Pages, but it can be useful to know the difference between the two types and when it may be appropriate to use Posts.
- Pages are standard web pages that present static information to viewers. Most university web content fits this description.
- Pages can be organized into groups of pages, as well as hierarchical sub-pages.
- Pages cannot be associated with Categories, and cannot use Tags.
- Posts are generally considered to contain dynamic web content, like department news or blog posts.
- Posts are always associated with a date, which is included in the Post’s URL (web address).
- Posts can be presented by date, category, or tag.
Creating Pages and Posts
First, decide whether you’re going to create a Page or a Post. Then, from the WordPress Dashboard, choose Posts or Pages as appropriate from the menu on the left of the dashboard:
Select Posts > Add New for a new Post or Pages > Add New for a new Page. The WordPress editor window will then appear.
Titles and Permalinks
WordPress requires a title for each webpage, whether you’re creating a Page or a Post.
To learn more about how titles can impact your content’s discoverability, visit Webguide’s page on Search Engine Optimization.
When creating a new piece of content, your cursor will automatically prompt you to fill in the title field first.
Shortly after adding a page title, the “Permalink:” line will appear underneath the title bar. The permalink is the direct address (URL) viewers will use to link to a specific Post or Page. As you can see, WordPress uses your title for the Page or Post permalink. So, keep your title brief, and avoid special characters within your title (though hyphens and underscores are okay to use).
You can edit the title after publishing your Page or Post, but be aware that the URL won’t automatically change to match the new title. The permalink can be edited if you wish by clicking the Edit button next to it, but URL changes are discouraged. If the permalink changes, any web pages that link to your site will be unable to find and connect to it.
Pages have Attributes, which are found to the right of the editor:
In the “Parent” dropdown menu, you can establish a digital hierarchy by choosing whether a Page exists beneath the main site (home) page, or is a sub-page of another page. For example, a Page for “All Courses” might live directly beneath your main site (home) Page, but a Page for “Biology 100” might be a sub-page of “Biology Classes,” which itself could be a sub-page of “All Courses.”
The “Template” dropdown selects a page layout template for the webpage. Visit our Webguide page on Page Templates for more detailed information about page layouts.
An option also exists to determine the Page Order. In most cases, Boise State websites organize left-navigation links to their Pages by dragging and dropping pages in a specific order in the Menus screen (see our page about Navigation and Custom Menus for more information), but settings also provide the ability to display Page links there automatically instead. By default, Pages are organized alphabetically, but numbering your Pages using this Page Order attribute will order them accordingly.
Keep in mind you must publish your pages before page links will appear in the left-side navigation menu of your WordPress pages.
Post Categories and Tags
Posts aren’t hierarchical like Pages, so they don’t have parent pages or page order attributes; however, they do require at least one Category, and ideally should have at least one Tag.
It’s a good idea to use just a handful of descriptive Categories throughout your Posts, rather than creating a unique Category for every single one; more specific Tags will help further refine the description of a Post’s content.
Categories are general in nature; Tags are specific.
If you don’t choose a Category for a Post, WordPress will apply a default Category of “Uncategorized”. Categories and tags can be edited after publishing as well.