Dr. Clark’s Publications

Dr. Clark’s Publications


Clark, C. M. (2017). Creating and sustaining civility in nursing education, 2nd ed. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International Publishing.

Clark, C. M. (2013). Creating and sustaining civility in nursing education. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International Publishing. First place winner, 2013 American Journal of Nursing (AJN) Book of the Year Award; Professional Issues Category

In press

Clark C.M. & Luparell, S. (in press). Cyber-incivility, cyber-bullying, and other forms of online aggression: A call to action for nursing education, Nurse Education Today.

Clark, C. M. & Gorton, K. (in press). Cognitive Rehearsal, HeartMath, and Simulation: Interventions to build resilience and address incivility, Journal of Nursing Education.

Published works [Peer reviewed and non-peer reviewed]

Clark, C.M. & Fey, M. K. (2019). Fostering civility in learning conversations: Introducing the PAAIL communication strategy, Nurse Educator. Advance online publication. doi: DOI: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000731

Clark, C.M. & Dunham, M. (2019). Civility Mentor: A virtual learning experience, Nurse Educator. Educator. Advance online
publication. doi: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000757

Clark, C.M. (September 2019). A Nurse’s Tale. Reflections on Nursing Leadership, Available at https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/a-nurse-s-tale

Clark, C.M. Fostering a culture of civility and respect in nursing, Journal of Nursing Regulation, 10(1), 44-52.

Clark, C.M. (2019). Accused of workplace bullying: what happens next? American Nurse Today, 14(3), 24-26.

Clark, C.M. (2019). Combining Cognitive Rehearsal, simulation, and evidence-based scripting to address incivility. Nurse Educator, 44(2), 64-68.

Clark, C.M. (January 29, 2019). Ending the silence: Antidote to incivility. Reflections on Nursing Leadership, https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/ending-the-silence-antidote-to-incivility

Clark, C.M., Barbosa-Leiker, C., & Sattler, V. (2018). Development and psychometric testing of the Workplace Civility Index: A reliable tool to assess workplace civility, Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 49(9), 400-406.

Clark, C.M. & Ritter, K. (2018). Policy to foster civility and support a healthy academic work environment. Journal of Nursing Education, 57(6), 325-331.

Clark, C.M. (March 1, 2018). In pursuit of empathy. Reflections on Nursing Leadership. Available at https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/in-pursuit-of-empathy

Clark, C.M. (2018). Top ten tips to increase employee engagement! American Nurse Today, 13(1), 12-14.

Clark, C.M. How nurses can plant the seeds of civility, Nursing Management; United Kingdom. Available at: https://rcni.com/nursing-management/opinion/comment/how-nurses-can-plant-seeds-of-civility-125571

Clark, C.M. (December, 2017). Seeking civility among faculty, The ASHA Leader. Available at http://leader.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=2664636

Clark, C.M. (2017). An evidence-based approach to integrate civility, professionalism, and ethical practice into nursing curricula, Nurse Educator, 42(3):120-126.

Clark, C.M. (March 7, 2017). The path to organizational civility is marked PFOC: It leads to a healthy workplace! Reflections on Nursing Leadership. Available at http://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/Vol43_1_the-path-to-organizational-civility-is-marked-pfoc

Clark, C.M. & Kenski, D. (2017). Promoting civility in the OR: An ethical imperative, AORN, 105(1), 60–66.

Clark, C.M. (December 19, 2016). The imperative of PEAK Leadership, Reflections on Nursing Leadership, Featured Article, Retrieved from http://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/Vol42_4_the-imperative-of-peak-leadership

Clark, C.M. (2016). Principled leadership and the imperative for workplace civility, American Nurse Today, 11(11), 32-33.

Clark, C.M., Sattler, V. P., Barbosa-Leiker, C (2016). Development and testing of the Healthy Work Environment Inventory (HWEI): A reliable tool for assessing work environment health and satisfaction, Journal of Nursing Education, 55(10), 555-562.

De Gagne, J.C., Choi, M., Ledbetter, L., Kang, H.S., & Clark, C.M. (Published ahead of print; March 28, 2016). An integrative review of cybercivility in health professions education, Nurse Educator.

Clark, C.M. (November, 2015). Conversations to inspire and promote a more civil workplace: Let’s end the silence that surrounds incivility, American Nurse Today, 10(11), 18-23.

Clark, C.M., Barbosa-Leiker, C., & Gill, L., Nguyen, D.T. (2015). Revision and psychometric testing of the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) Survey: Introducing the INE-R, Journal of Nursing Education, 54(6), 306-315.

Saltzberg, C.W., & Clark, C.M. (August, 2015). A bold call to action: Mobilizing nurses and employers to prevent and address incivility, bullying, and workplace violence, American Nurse Today, (10), 8.

Clark, C.M. (2015). The power and potential of positive mentoring, Nurse Educator, 40(3), 109-110.

Griffin, M. & Clark, C.M. (2014). Revisiting Cognitive Rehearsal as an intervention against incivility and lateral violence in nursing: 10 years later, Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 45(12), 535-542.

Nickitas, D.M. (2014). Fostering Civility: An interview with Cynthia Clark, Nursing Economic$, 32(6), 306-311.

Clark, C.M., Ahten, S.M., & Macy, R. (2014). Nursing graduates’ ability to address incivility: Kirkpatrick’s level-3 evaluation, Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 10(8), 425–431.

Clark, C. M. (2014). Seeking civility: Strategies to create and sustain healthy workplaces, American Nurse Today, 9(7), 18-21.

Clark, C.M., Nguyen, D., & Barbosa-Leiker, C. (2014). Student perceptions of stress, coping, relationships, and academic civility: a longitudinal study, Nurse Educator, 39(4), 170-174.

Clark, C. M. (2014). A formula for collaborative writing [invited editorial], Journal of Nursing Education, 53(3), 119-120.

Trossman, S. (Jan/Feb 2014). Code red. Code blue. Code pink? Interview with Cynthia Clark. The American Nurse (Official publication of the American Nurses Association).

Clark, C.M. (October 1, 2013). Building civility capacity in nursing practice, ADVANCE for Nurses magazine,
Retrieved from http://nursing.advanceweb.com/Features/Articles/Building-Civility-Capacity-in-Nursing.aspx

Clark, C.M. (September 23, 2013). The pedagogy of civility: innovative strategies to create an engaged learning environment, Academic Consulting Group, Elsevier Publishers. Retrieved from https://pages.evolve.elsevier.com/White-Paper_The-Pedagogy-of-Civility-Innovative-Strategies-to-Create-an-Engaged-Learning-Environment.html

Clark, C.M. (2013). Two-part series: Reflections on Nursing Leadership, 39(3), Sigma Theta Tau International
Part I—Civility CAN be Learned! http://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/Pages/Vol39_3_Clark_CivilityCanBeLearned.aspx

Clark, C.M. & Landrum, R. E., Nguyen. (2013). Development and Description of the Organizational Civility Scale, Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 17(1), 11-17.

Clark, C.M. (April/May 2013). Stress, coping, healing and the quest for civility, Imprint: The Professional Magazine for Student Nurses, 34-39.

Clark, C.M. (2013). National study on faculty-to-faculty incivility: Strategies to foster collegiality and civility, Nurse Educator, 38(3), 98-102.

Clark, C.M., Olender, L., Kenski, D., & Cardoni, C. (2013). Exploring and addressing faculty-to-faculty incivility in nursing education: A national perspective and literature review, Journal of Nursing Education, 52(4),211-218. Winner of the 2013 Journal of Nursing Education (JNE) Christine Tanner Scholarly Writing Award.

Clark, C.M., Ahten, S.M. Macy, R, (2012). Using Problem Based Learning (PBL) scenarios to prepare nursing students to address incivility, Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 9(3), e75-e83.

Clark, C.M. (2013). Two-part series: Fostering civility in nursing education and practice, Reflections on Nursing Leadership, 39(1), Sigma Theta Tau International Part II—Cindy’s ‘Five RITES’ for fostering student-driven civility, http://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/Pages/Vol39_1_Clark_5RITES.aspx

Clark, C.M. (2012). Two-part series: Fostering civility in nursing education and practice, Reflections on Nursing
Leadership, 38(4), Sigma Theta Tau International, Part I—Students, Jedi Knights and the Promise of Civility

Clark, C.M., Juan, C.M., Allerton, B., Otterness, N., Jun, W.Y, & Wei, F. (2012). Faculty and student perception of academic incivility in the People’s Republic of China, Journal of Cultural Diversity,19(3),85-93.

Clark, C.M., Werth, L., & Ahten, SM. (2012). Cyber-bullying and incivility in the online learning environment: Part Two- Promoting student success in the virtual classroom, Nurse Educator, 37(4), 192-197.

Clark, C.M., Werth, L., & Ahten, S. (2012). Cyber-bullying and incivility in the online learning environment: Part One – Addressing faculty and student perceptions, Nurse Educator, 37(4), 150-156.

Clark, C. M., Springer, P. J. (2012, August). Nurse residents’ firsthand accounts on transition to practice. Nursing Outlook, 60(4), E2-E8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2011.08.003

Clark, C.M. (Spring, 2012). Healing from the bitter pill of incivility, Minority Nurse. 32-34.

Clark, C.M., Belcheir, M., Strohfus, P., & Springer, P.J. (2012). Development and description of the Culture and Climate Assessment Scale, Journal of Nursing Education, 51(2), 75-80.

Springer, P.J., Clark, C.M., Strohfus, P., & Belcheir M. (2012). Using transformational change to improve organizational culture and climate in a School of Nursing, Journal of Nursing Education, 51(2), 81-88.

Clark, C. M., Olender, L., Cardoni, C., & Kenski, D. (2011). Perspectives of nurse leaders in clinical practice on fostering civility in nursing education and practice. Journal of Nursing Administration, 41(7/8), 324-330.

Clark, C. M. (2011). In pursuit of a vision of civility: Transforming the culture in one school of nursing. Nurse Educator, 36((3), 98-102.

Clark, C. M., & Davis-Kenaley, B. L. (2011). Faculty empowerment of students to foster civility in nursing education: A merging of two conceptual models. Nursing Outlook, 59(3),158-165.

Clark, C. M., & Ahten, S. M. (2011, August 19). Nurses: Resetting the civility conversation. Medscape Nursing. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/748104?src=mp&spon=24

Clark, C. M., & Ahten, S. M. (2011b, March 24). The downward spiral: Incivility in nursing/Interviewer: Laura A. Stokowski. Medscape Nursing. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/739328

Clark, C. M., & Ahten, S. M. (Fourth Quarter, 2010). Beginning the conversation: The nurse educator’s role in preventing incivility in the workplace. RN Idaho, 33(3), 1, 5–6.

Clark, C.M., Otterness, N., Jun, W.Y, Allerton, B., Black, M., Juan, C.M., & Wei, F. (2010). Descriptive study of student incivility in the People’s Republic of China, Journal of Cultural Diversity, 17(4), 136–150.

Clark, C.M. & Springer, P.J. (2010). Academic nurse leaders’ role in fostering a culture of civility in nursing education, Journal of Nursing Education, 49(6),319-325.

Clark, C.M. (2010). Five-part series: Fostering civility in nursing education and practice, Reflections on Nursing Leadership, 36(1), Sigma Theta Tau International

The Sweet Spot of Civility: My Story https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/morefeatures/Vol36_1_the-sweet-spot-of-civility-my-story

Why Civility Matters: https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/Vol36_1_why-civilitymatters

What Faculty Can Do To Foster Civility: https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/more-features/whateducators-can-do-to-promote-civility

What Students Can Do To Foster Civility: https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/morefeatures/Vol36_2_what-students-can-do-to-promote-civility

From incivility to civility: Transforming the culture: https://www.reflectionsonnursingleadership.org/features/morefeatures/from-incivility-to-civility-transforming-the-culture

Clark, C. M. (2009). Faculty field guide for promoting student civility, Nurse Educator, 34(5), 194-197.

Clark, C. M., Farnsworth, J., & Landrum, R. E. (2009). Development and description of the Incivility in Nursing Education (INE) Survey, Journal of Theory Construction and Testing, 13(1), 7-15.

Clark, C.M. (2008). The dance of incivility in nursing education as described by nursing faculty and students, Advances in Nursing Science, 31(4), E37-E54.

Clark, C.M. & Carnosso, J. (2008). Civility: A concept analysis. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 12(1), 11-15.

Clark, C. M., Farnsworth, J., & Springer, P. J. (2008). Policy development for disruptive student behaviors. Nurse Educator, 33(6), 259-262.

Clark, C.M. (2008). Faculty and student assessment and experience with incivility in nursing education: A national perspective. Journal of Nursing Education, 47(10), 458-465.

Clark, C. M. (2008). Student perspectives on incivility in nursing education: An application of the concept of Rankism. Nursing Outlook, 56(1), 4-8.

Clark, C. M. (2008). Student voices on faculty incivility in nursing education: A conceptual model. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29(5), 284-289.

Clark, C. M., & Springer, P. J. (2007). Incivility in nursing education: Descriptive study on definitions and Prevalence, Journal of Nursing Education, 46(1), 7-14.

Clark, C. M., & Springer, P. J. (2007). Thoughts on incivility: Student and faculty perceptions of uncivil behavior in nursing education. Nursing Education Perspectives, 28(2), 93-97.

Clark, C.M. (2006). Student Voices: Perceptions of Faculty Incivility. In K.M. Kolanko, C. Clark, K.T. Heinrich, D. Olive, J.F. Serembus, & K.S. Sifford (Eds.), Academic dishonesty, bullying, incivility, and violence: Difficult challenges facing nurse educators, Nursing Education Perspectives, 27(1), 34-43.

Book Chapters

Clark, C.M. (2013). Leadership and a culture of recovery,  In Morgan, C. & Crowley, K.C. Reentry and Recovery for Nurses with Substance Use Disorders. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International Publishing.

Heinrich, K. T., Clark, C.M., & Luparell, S. (2007). In K.T. Heinrich (Ed.), Yours, mine & ours: The secret of cosmic connections. A Nurse’s Guide to Presenting and Publishing: Dare to share, Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.


Clark, C.M. (2006). Incivility in Nursing Education: Student Perceptions of Uncivil Faculty Behavior in the Academic Environment (Doctoral dissertation, University of Idaho). Dissertation Abstracts International, AAT 3092571.