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Style Guide References and Bibliography

Appendix A: Bibliography

As noted by, a bibliography is a list of the books and other sources that are referred to in a scholarly work-such as an essay, term paper, dissertation, or a book. The bibliography comes at the end of the work.

There are different ways to format a bibliography, and the style that you use will depend on the discipline in which you are writing. For those who are writing in the field of literature use the Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Those who are writing in the social sciences use the American Psychological Association (APA) style. There are several other styles as well depending on the field or discipline.

Examples of Bibliography:

APA Style:

  • National Center for Learning Disabilities. (2014). What is IDEA? Retrieved from
  • National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY). (2012). Response to intervention (RTI). Retrieved from
  • National High School Center, National Center on Response to Intervention, and Center on Instruction. (2010). Tiered interventions in high schools: Using preliminary “lessons learned” to guide ongoing discussion. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research. PDF retrieved from
  • National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (2000). Report of the National Reading Panel. Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction (NIH Publication No. 00-4769). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Nunn, G. D., & Jantz, P. B. (2009). Factors within response to intervention implementation training associated with teacher efficacy beliefs. Education, 129(4), 599-607. Available at

MLA Style

  • Dean, Cornelia. “Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet.” New York Times. New York Times, 22 May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.
  • Gowdy, John. “Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability.” International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36. Print.
  • Nordhaus, William D. “After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming.” American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. Print.
  • Uzawa, Hirofumi. Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print..
  • Yordy, L. (2003). Essentials of good business writing. Unpublished manuscript.


Reference lists contain only those materials cited in the report.

American Psychological Association (APA). (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (sixth edition). Washington, DC: Author.

How to Avoid Plagiarism Wiwanitkit, V. Ann Biomed Eng (2013) 41: 3. How to Avoid Plagiarism

Colorado State University. (n.d.) Writing@ CSU Colorado State University Writing CSU

Markel, M. (1999) Written communication. In The technology management handbook, Chapter. Ed. Richard C. Dorf, CRC Press and IEEE Press.NACE Research (2004). Job outlook 2005. National Association of Colleges and

Stereotypes and Biased Language.

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